6 Major Challenges in Security Awareness Training


In the realm of present-day security challenges, the statistics are cause for concern.

The number of individuals impacted by data breaches surpassed 400 million in 2022. It’s not only large corporations that are affected; a staggering 88 percent of small business owners feel inadequately shielded against cyberattacks.

One contributing factor is the growing sophistication of attackers, who exploit advanced techniques while organizations accumulate and rely on vast amounts of data.

However, a significant aspect revolves around individuals themselves. Despite organizations deploying cutting-edge cybersecurity technology and expertise, employees remain susceptible to phishing, social engineering, and other attacks that aim to pilfer passwords and user credentials.

While security tools can mitigate these threats to some extent, data cannot truly remain secure unless all employees can identify when they are being targeted and understand the appropriate actions to take—and not take—when such incidents occur. They must stay consistently updated on emerging threats and be mindful not to overlook the precautions they have previously learned.

Consequently, most organizations provide security awareness training to their employees. However, considering the frequency with which hackers continue to evade security measures, there is an evident need for significant improvement. With this in mind, let us explore the prominent challenges encountered in security awareness programs and propose potential solutions.

Overcoming the Key Challenges in Security Awareness Programs

Challenge #1: Rapidly Outdated Training Content Cybersecurity threats are ever-evolving, making it crucial for security awareness training content to stay up to date. Annual courses fail to keep pace with emerging threats, leaving employees uninformed about current risks and how to identify them.

Solution: Implement ongoing and dynamic security awareness programs that continually incorporate new material based on evolving threats. Training should use the latest techniques and seamlessly integrate into employees’ routines and schedules. By ensuring continuous education, companies can mitigate the risk of simple mistakes turning into major security breaches.

Challenge #2: Administrative Burden on Program Managers Managing security awareness programs can be demanding for administrators, involving tasks such as course selection, assignment, follow-ups, and password resets. Creating and curating content manually adds further complexity and effort.

Solution: Opt for a fully managed security awareness program that handles the administrative workload. Managed programs alleviate the burden on administrators by providing a comprehensive solution that includes creating, assigning, and delivering an ongoing awareness curriculum. This approach frees up administrators to focus on other critical responsibilities while ensuring the content remains up to date, comprehensive, and of high quality.

Challenge #3: Low Employee Participation in Security Awareness Programs

Achieving high employee participation in security awareness programs can be challenging, especially when the program design discourages engagement. Difficulties arise when accessing lessons becomes complicated, requiring employees to log in multiple times per month or attend specific physical locations at specific times.

Inconsistent session lengths create frustration as employees don’t know what to expect or how much time to allocate. Busy employees may come to resent the program and avoid participating altogether.

Solution: Minimize resistance to program participation by removing barriers:

  1. Ensure convenience: Make course content easily accessible and integrate it into employees’ daily routines. Avoid making it burdensome or disruptive to their workflow.
  2. Consistent content length: Establish a short and consistent duration for sessions, preventing employees from feeling trapped in lengthy sessions when they are eager to return to their work.

Challenge #4: Employee Interest in Security Awareness Wanes

Engaging and focused security awareness content is crucial. Many programs fail to captivate employees with repetitive, uninteresting content or by overwhelming them with excessive information or topics in a single session. If employees find the training ineffective in conveying the importance of the information, they may avoid participating or lose motivation to absorb the material.

Solution: Select a program that offers fresh, relevant, and stimulating content. Utilize interactive elements, clarity, relevance, and video to enhance the learning experience. Avoid repeating the same material in refresher sessions and instead provide new perspectives that build upon previous knowledge.

Consider incorporating gamification principles to make the material more engaging and hold employees’ interest, leading to increased participation and better comprehension.

Challenge #5: Employee Knowledge Retention Declines

Studies show that learners forget a significant portion of newly learned material within a short period. A once-a-year security awareness course leads to employees forgetting crucial information, leaving the organization vulnerable.

Solution: Implement microlearning, which breaks content into frequent, bite-sized lessons of three minutes or less. Refreshing learners’ memory shortly after initial exposure improves retention. Microlearning focuses on one key concept per lesson, making the content more relevant, effective, and memorable.

By adopting microlearning strategies, organizations can enhance employee knowledge retention and reinforce the importance of security awareness.

Challenge #6: Security Awareness Program’s Effectiveness in Preventing Breaches

Many security awareness programs fail to effectively prevent incidents and breaches, leaving organizations vulnerable. Although organizations may claim to have fulfilled their training obligations to regulators, customers, shareholders, partners, and the public expect tangible results in terms of preventing hackers from causing harm.

Solution: Shift the focus from regulatory compliance to measurable outcomes in preventing intrusions, breaches, and damage. A results-oriented approach is essential to cultivate a security culture within the organization.

Design programs with the specific goal of building a security-conscious culture where all employees actively participate, learn, retain knowledge, and consistently apply it in their work. The aim should be to reduce risk, rather than merely ticking a compliance box.

By aligning the security awareness program with measurable results, organizations can demonstrate a genuine commitment to preventing breaches and effectively protect their data and assets.


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